Before the withdrawal, a withdrawal agreement was negotiated to ensure that the main political and economic relations between the EU and the UK were not separated overnight. The agreement has been in force since 1 February 2020, when the UK left the EU. It provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which time EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will continue to be part of the EU internal market and the EU customs union. During this transition period, the EU and the UK are negotiating their future relations. The political declaration on future relations, adopted by both sides, accompanies the withdrawal agreement and sets the framework for the negotiations. On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen told EU lawmakers that British Prime Minister Boris Johnson`s plans to denounce part of britain`s EU withdrawal agreement have further dampened those hopes. The United Kingdom triggers Article 50.
This means that negotiations on the UK`s withdrawal from the EU can begin. The EU and the UK have two years to reach an agreement. On 22 October, the British Parliament agreed to review the Brexit Act. But she decided it took longer than the British Prime Minister had proposed. This means that it is no longer possible to withdraw with an agreement on the planned date of Brexit, 31 October. The Brexit deal will not come into force until the Brexit law is passed by the British Parliament. “It makes no sense to negotiate a future deal (with) a British prime minister who throws out the window of the agreement he himself signed,” said Manfred Weber of the centre-right European People`s Party. The agreement defines the goods, services and processes associated with them.
Any provision of goods or services legally put on the market before leaving the EU may be made available to consumers in the UK or in the EU Member States (Article 40-41). The European Union and the United Kingdom have approved the withdrawal agreement. The British Parliament and the European Parliament have yet to approve the withdrawal agreement. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following key areas: The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary.