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The Agreement That Ended French And Indian War

The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal devastating the border after the victory of Great Britain and Prussia over France and Spain during the seven-year war. Although a handful of forts fell, two important fortresses, Forts Detroit and Pitt, surrendered. To quell the rebellion against British rule, the proclamation of 1763 was published. The French colonies north of New York and New England were consolidated into the colony of Quebec and Florida was divided into two separate colonies. Any country that did not fall under the borders of these colonies, which were to be governed by English law, was granted to the Indians. Pontiac`s rebellion finally came to an end. Early attempts to negotiate a peace settlement failed and French and Spanish diplomats signed the Family Pact, a treaty that put Spain at war with Britain. The British Prime Minister, Lord Bute, continued secret and informal discussions with the French diplomat Étienne-Franéois de Stainville, Duke of Choiseul, and they reached an informal agreement in June 1762. Mr. Bute promised fairly generous terms and the two countries agreed on an ambassadorial exchange in September.

The plan was presented as a recommendation of the Albany Congress, but it was rejected by lawmakers in each of the seven colonies because it would remove some of their existing powers. The plan was also rejected by the settlers. Many in the British government, who were already guarding some of the strong-willed colonial assemblies, did not like the idea of consolidating additional power in the hands of the settlers. Instead, they preferred that the settlers continue to focus on the next military campaign against the French and their Indian-American allies. Canada`s economic loss has not hurt France economically. It turned out to be a silver hole that cost the country more to get it than it actually gave back in profit. The sugar islands of western India were much more lucrative and, to France`s pleasure, Britain returned to Martinique and Guadeloupe. Although the influence of its most Christian majesty diminished in North America, France retained a tiny stop for fishing in Newfoundland. Britain allowed the French to retain their rights to cod in the Grand Banks and on the islands of Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, off the south coast. Despite the desire for peace, many members of the British Parliament opposed the return of all gains made during the war. What is remarkable in the opposition is former Prime Minister William Pitt, the elder, who warned that the terms of the treaty would lead to new conflicts as soon as France and Spain had time to rebuild and who later said: “Peace was uncertain because it brought the enemy back to its former greatness. Peace was insufficient because the places won were not equivalent for abandoned places. [23] The treaty was adopted by 319 votes to 65.

[24] Most North American fighting in the French and Indian war (the North American theatre of the Seven Years` War) ended on September 8, 1760, when the Marquis de Vaudreuil surrendered to Montreal – and thus all of Canada – to the British.

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