The so-called “Abraham Accords” have opened the long-standing secret relations between Israel and several Gulf states – which have been forged in recent years because of a common concern for Iran`s regional rival. In the weeks that followed, there was a flood of trade, banking and intergovernmental agreements between the United Arab Emirates and Israel, although the steps towards normalization were slower in Bahrain. The agreement was a major political turnaround for Mr. Netanyahu, who has long insisted on expanding settlements in the occupied West Bank in an effort to annex the territory. Mr. Netanyahu was under political pressure to be flexible, as three new elections gave him only a majority in a coalition government and he was prosecuted in 2021. In 2019, the Trump administration reversed decades of U.S. policy by declaring that West Bank settlements were not contrary to international law, a decision that threatened the two-state solution, long seen as the key to a lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians. The Trump administration`s Middle East policy, developed by Jared Kushner, the president`s top adviser, and published in January 2020, endorsed Mr. Netanyahu`s plan to reintegate existing settlements. After Yousef Al Otaiba, the ambassador of the United Arab Emirates, wrote a statement in June 2020 in which he warned that the annexation would threaten better relations between Israel and the Arab world, Kushner saw an opportunity and intervened to facilitate the talks. After the negotiators agreed, Mr.
Trump, Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi`s crown prince, Mohammed bin Zayed, held a conference call just before an official announcement.     The contract was signed on September 15, 2020. The treaty recognizes the sovereignty of each state, obliges the two states to exchange ambassadors and conclude bilateral agreements on various subjects, including visa agreements, and will enter into force as soon as ratification.  The agreement was ratified by the Israeli government on 12 October and ratified by the Knesset on 15 October. “It formalizes this, but it should not be overplayed as a solution to a fundamental conflict for Israel with its neighbors,” he added. Israel`s decades-long conflict with the Palestinians, he said, “is not resolved with this agreement.” Amira Hass wrote that the agreement was the result of the Palestinian Authority`s continued neglect of relations with the United Arab Emirates. According to hate, diplomatic relations were severed in 2012 by the PLO to deny the UAE`s good relations with Mohammed Dahlan, the political enemy of PLO President Mahmoud Abbas. The PNA`s animosity towards the UAE continued to June 2020, when the PLO rejected aid sent by the UAE during the COVID-19 pandemic, by the grounds that it was it was felt without prior agreement and through an Israeli airport. Hatred is a PLO more concerned with domestic politics than with governance, which contributes to economic decline and strained external relations.  Longtime New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman, who has written for decades on international geopolitics and has been a regular critic of Trump`s policies, hailed the deal as “exactly what Trump said in his tweet: a “huge breakthrough.””  US President Donald Trump led the signing of diplomatic relations between Israel, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, in the hope of increasing his chances of re-election.